For a look at early color street photography, it's worth comparing Louis Faurer's work taken in the 1940's with many of Fred Herzog's signature images (see todays earlier post for details.)
Herzog talks of the film he was using, an early Kodachrome slide film, as being rated 12 ASA. It's almost inconceivable to many contemporary photographers that such limited tools could be used creatively - especially in dim/low light situations without a flash.
And yet, Louis Faurer, using a similar (same?) film stock and having only the street lighting of Times Square as a light source, creates mini masterpeices of colour, emotion and energy.
The book 'Louis Faurer' by Anne Wilkes Tucker has more examples and is a great source of information on this highly underrated American original.
Family Times Square c.1948
Times Square, NYC (couple with hats from back), c. 1949